The Goal of Lighting design is to create efficient interior-functional and aesthetic design. To effectively and optimally understand lighting we need to do a review on light and the three basic principles of light. In Photography there are three main principles of light and they include.
Intensity/Quantity of light
Direction of Light
Quality of light.
These three basic principles are what a photographer or light engineer is expected to understand and know before tweaking or playing with light.
Intensity/Quantity of light:
The intensity of light refers to the strength or amount of light produced by a specific light source. it is also referred to as luminous intensity or quantity of light. it is simply the measure of the power emitted by a light source in a particular direction per unit solid angle. This is based on the luminosity function.
How does Light intensity affect Interior Design:
The amount of light entering a room can either make or mar the aesthetic appearance. Sometimes the soft light intensity is all we need for a perfect design and to achieve that there are ways to soften the amount of sunlight or general light in a room. Although it may be a little more difficult to increase the amount of sunlight entering a room.
Designers combine all three types of light to create an atmosphere within a room. Aside from the three principles of light already mentioned. Light is of three major types. These types come in handy in interior design to create an atmosphere within a room.
These light types include:
Ambient Light: This includes Sunlight. Ambient light should light up all areas of the interior in an even manner.
The Place of Ambience in Interior designs
Expert/Professionals of Interior Design recommend making a floor plan that includes the location of windows, doors, and furniture. Windows placed in perfectly located areas allow enough sunlight to filter into the room and light it up. Also, it is worthy to note that if the sunlight/Ambience/exposure is too much it could ruin the effect of the room design.
Task Lighting: This is lighting used to illuminate a specific area. such as a reading corner, Kitchen Preparation area, Desk, Bathroom Vanity, or sewing Center.
Task Lighting in Interior Design: this second type of light is used to illuminate specific task areas.
Accent Lighting: This is the final type of light that is mostly used by professionals to set Mood. it is also called Mood Light. now let’s finish with the second and third principles of light and its place in interior design.
The Second Principle of Light to consider in interior design immediately after ambiance is the
The direction of Light:
There are four cardinal directions in geography. They include East, West, North, and South. The amount of light an East-Facing room gets is different from the amount of light that a North Facing room gets.
East-Facing Rooms: Experience warm and yellowy light before noon. As the day progresses, These rooms start to feel cooler as the light turns bluer. Light warm colors are advised in lighting rooms facing these directions to add cheeriness.
West-Facing rooms: These rooms experience Optimum light impact in the evening making the room beautiful and warm.
South-Facing rooms: They experience warm color-flattering light all day long.
North-Facing rooms: Light in these rooms feels harsher. it is cooler and has a bluish tinge. Bolder colors show up better than muted tones, as lighter colors will look subdued.
Understanding the direction of Light in-flow into a room helps you decide on areas that the shadows will fall on and areas that will require lightening up.
Quality of Light:
Whether an office’s light source is natural, artificial, bright and blue, or dim and yellow. The type of light that employees are exposed to not only impacts mood and physical health but also affects productivity and creativity.
Lighting that is too dim can strain your eyes and make you feel drowsy and tired. Too-bright lighting, on the other hand, can be harsh on your eyes and make your brain work harder causing fatigue and triggering symptoms of migraines.
The quality of light includes the light form, color, intensity, direction, and movement. All these factors make up light Quality. if the light quality is good then the Interior Design will be beautiful. Light Quality is the bone of contention in Interior design.
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