Oil-Based Paints Production Using Alkyd Resins.
Paint production and Products are grouped into water-based paints and oil-based paints. Water-based paints have water as a basic component in their composition, usually taking up half of the total intended number of paints to be produced. Therefore producing (20) twenty buckets of emulsion Paints (water-based) will require half the number. that is (10) Ten buckets of water.
The production of this class of paints does not involve water as its base component. mainly it is composed of melted Alkyd resins or Linseed oil. In this article, I am going to elucidate on the production of oil-based paints using Alkyd. This category of paints can be used in coating railings in buildings and metal gates or doors. It is also worthy of mention that showers paint Interglobal resources is a principal authority in the production of Oil based paint coats in Nigeria.
They are Modified polyesters that can air dry. Alkyds are derived from the polycondensation reaction of polyhydric alcohol and Polybasic acid.
History of Alkyds:
The first synthetic alkyd was chemically produced by a Swedish chemist in the year 1847. Berzelius Jon. following the first production of synthetic alkyd by this scientist further investigations into the product began and were the interest area of scientists in the chemical field for a long time. During this time Roy H. Kinle worked with his colleagues in the 1920’s for general electricity. He explored numerous variants of the glycerol di acid reaction. He found out that modification with oils derived from vegetable and fish oils provided the resins with solvent solubility and flexibility. This second massive discovery led to the use of Alkyd as binders in paint production. That is Oil based on Paint production.
The Invention of Oil based paints and alkyds experienced lots of other peculiar challenges. Most of these challenges included primarily the compatibility of the Alkyd with other solvents used in paint Production. Many other additives were needed to produce such oil-based paints. Their compatibility with alkyds was a problem. Therefore the interest was channeled towards conquering this new challenge. Even though a high level of interest was channeled towards this subject. Leading to the set up of regulatory bodies to mitigate the level of hazard involved. This problem has not yet been conquered totally.
A second Problematic Factor of the Oil based Paint production
The second concern with these oil-based paints involved the pigments. The early versions of alkyd coatings used lead-based pigments and additives. Lead-based pigments posed a potentially high health risk for health workers and persons who lived in enclosures coated with lead. Health risks ranged from male and female infertility issues to grave consequences like cancers. This factor was successfully conquered with the ban on lead-based paints and a potential shift to titanium dioxide.
How to Produce Oil Based Paints Using Alkyd
- 1kg of Alkyd is Measured into a stirring bowl. It is necessary to note that Alkyd can appear in different forms and nature. I mean to say that they can be in the condensed state. Where they appear semi-solid more like pap and a little sticky. They can also appear in a liquid form. in whatever form they appear it is still the same content.
- If the Alkyd appears in Semi solid form (condensed) Then a solvent is needed to emulsify it and switch back to the Liquid form. Kerosine or Petrol could come in handy as they work as solvents to aid dissolve the semi-solid Alkyd.
- After adding Petrol (commensurate amount). Stir in the bowl till a fine liquid interface is formed.
- Add color pigment to the Mixture. (if you desire a red color paint add a red color Pigment, and so on).
- Add Dryers to help the paint dry well during coating.
- Add Texanol to give a sheen to the Mixture.
Benefits or Advantages of Oil-Based Paints over Water Based Paints
Oil Paints produce a durable, tough, high-quality finish with excellent barrier properties.
Water-resistance; In areas experiencing wall dampness or leakage oil paints are the paints of choice due to their water-resistant properties.
They have strong adhesion to nearly every surface.
Oil Paints are resistant to not just water but to a number of other environmental factors making them the preferred coating for machinery, architectural, industrial, and wood applications.
Oil-Based Paints have an Easy-to-use formulation making them easier to prepare.
Shops to Buy Oil Paints In Nigeria:
Oil Paints are widespread in the country and have a lot of retailers and vendors who sub-sell these products. To buy oil Paints within Nigeria, you can find one at any paint shop in your area or you can order online at “Buy paints” to have them delivered to your doorstep.
You can beef up your knowledge on paint products and Information on styling your new home to perfection on the blog section of this website. This also includes DIY techniques to help you get work done at home to your taste by yourself. Don’t forget to subscribe to our mailing lists so you don’t miss any Information coming up next.